Nuke Officers Left Blast Door Open

Four officers caught slacking in the last year

NUCLEAR WARRIORS (ADVANCE FOR SUNDAY MAY 4--Air Force Lt. Jerome White stands at the door of his missle launch capsule 100-feet
By Robert Burns

WASHINGTON (AP) - Twice this year alone, Air Force officers entrusted with the launch keys to nuclear-tipped missiles have been caught leaving open a blast door that is intended to help prevent a terrorist or other intruder from entering their underground command post, Air Force officials have told The Associated Press.

The blast doors are never to be left open if one of the crew members inside is asleep - as was the case in both these instances - out of concern for the damage an intruder could cause, including the compromising of secret launch codes.

Transgressions such as this are rarely revealed publicly. But officials with direct knowledge of Air Force intercontinental ballistic missile operations told the AP that such violations have happened, undetected, many more times than in the cases of the two launch crew commanders and two deputy commanders who were given administrative punishments this year.

The blast door violations are another sign of serious trouble in the handling of the nation's nuclear arsenal. The AP has discovered a series of problems within the ICBM force, including a failed safety inspection, the temporary sidelining of launch officers deemed unfit for duty and the abrupt firing last week of the two-star general in charge. The problems, including low morale, underscore the challenges of keeping safe such a deadly force that is constantly on alert but is unlikely ever to be used.

The crews who operate the missiles are trained to follow rules without fail, including the prohibition against having the blast door open when only one crew member is awake, because the costs of a mistake are so high.

The officers, known as missileers, are custodians of keys that could launch nuclear hell. The warheads on the business ends of their missiles are capable of a nuclear yield many times that of the atomic bombs dropped on Japan in 1945.

"The only way that you can have a crew member be in 'rest status' is if that blast door is shut and there is no possibility of anyone accessing the launch control center," said Lt. Gen. James Kowalski, the commander of Air Force Global Strike Command. He is responsible for the entire force of 450 Minuteman 3 missiles, plus the Air Force's nuclear-capable bombers.

The written Air Force instruction on ICBM weapon safety, last updated in 2011, says, "One crewmember at a time may sleep on duty, but both must be awake and capable of detecting an unauthorized act if ... the Launch Control Center blast door is open" or if someone other than the crew is present.

The blast door is not the first line of defense. An intruder intent on taking control of a missile command post would first face many layers of security before encountering the blast door, which - when closed - is secured by 12 hydraulically operated steel pins. The door is at the base of an elevator shaft. Entry to that elevator is controlled from an above-ground building. ICBM fields are monitored with security cameras and patrolled regularly by armed Air Force guards.

Each underground launch center, known as a capsule for its pill-like shape, monitors and operates 10 Minuteman 3 missiles.

The missiles stand in reinforced concrete silos and are linked to the control center by buried communications cables. The ICBMs are split evenly among "wings" based in North Dakota, Wyoming and Montana. Each wing is divided into three squadrons, each responsible for 50 missiles.

In neither of the two reported violations was security of the crews' missiles compromised, the Air Force said in response to questions from the AP, "due to the multiple safeguards and other protections in place." But these were clear-cut violations of what the Air Force calls "weapon system safety rules" meant to be strictly enforced in keeping with the potentially catastrophic, consequences of a breach of nuclear security.

In the two episodes confirmed by the Air Force, the multi-ton concrete-and-steel door that seals the entrance to the underground launch control center was deliberately left open while one of two crew members inside napped.

One officer lied about a violation but later admitted to it.

Sleep breaks are allowed during a 24-hour shift, known as an "alert." But a written rule says the door - meant to keep others out and to protect the crew from the blast effects of a direct nuclear strike - must be closed if one is napping.

In an extensive interview last week at his headquarters at Barksdale Air Force Base, La., Kowalski declined to say whether he was aware that ICBM launch crew members had violated the blast door rule with some frequency.

"I'm not aware of it being any different than it's ever been before," he said. "And if it had happened out there in the past and was tolerated, it is not tolerated now. So my sense of this is, if we know they're doing it they'll be disciplined for it."

It is clear that Air Force commanders do, in fact, know these violations are happening. One of the officers punished for a blast door violation in April at the 91st Missile Wing at Minot Air Force Base, N.D., admitted during questioning by superiors to having done it other times without getting caught.

Both officers involved in that case were given what the military calls non-judicial punishment under the Uniform Code of Military Justice, rather than court martialed. One was ordered to forfeit $2,246 in pay for two months and received a letter of reprimand, according to Lt. Col. John Sheets, spokesman for Air Force Global Strike Command. The other launch officer, who admitted to having committed the same violation "a few" times previously, was given a letter of admonishment, Sheets said.

Kowalski said the crews know better.

"This is not a training problem. This is some people out there are having a problem with discipline," he said.

The other confirmed blast door violation happened in May at Malmstrom Air Force Base, Mont. In that case a person who entered the capsule to do maintenance work realized that the deputy crew commander was asleep with the door open and reported the violation to superiors. Upon questioning, the deputy crew commander initially denied the accusation but later confessed and said her crew commander had encouraged her to lie, Sheets said.

The crew commander was ordered to forfeit $3,045 in pay for two months, Sheets said, and also faces an Air Force discharge board which could force him out of the service. The deputy crew commander was given a letter of reprimand. Punishment of that sort does not require the officer to leave the service but usually is a significant obstacle to promotion and could mean an early end to his or her career.

The AP was tipped off to the Malmstrom episode shortly after it happened by an official who felt strongly that it should be made public and that it reflected a more deeply rooted disciplinary problem inside the ICBM force. The AP learned of the Minot violation through an internal Air Force email. The AP confirmed both incidents with several other Air Force officials.

Sheets said the Minot and Malmstrom violations were the only blast door disciplinary cases in at least two years.

The willingness of some launch officers to leave the blast door open at times reflects a mindset far removed from the Cold War days when the U.S. lived in fear of a nuclear strike by the Soviet Union. It was that fear that provided the original rationale for placing ICBMs in reinforced underground silos and the launch control officers in buried capsules - so that in the event of an attack the officers might survive to launch a counterattack.

Today the fear of such an attack has all but disappeared and, with it, the appeal of strictly following the blast door rule.

Bruce Blair, who served as an ICBM launch control officer in the 1970s and is an advocate for phasing out the ICBM force, said violations should be taken seriously.

"This transgression might help enable outsiders to gain access to the launch center, and to its super-secret codes," Blair said. That would increase the risk of unauthorized launch or of compromising codes that might consequently have to be invalidated in order to prevent unauthorized launches, he said.

"Such invalidation might effectively neutralize for an extended period of time the entire U.S. strategic nuclear arsenal and the president's ability to launch strategic forces while the Pentagon scrambles to re-issue new codes," he added.

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The underclass that volunteers for military duty because they see it as a free ride to all kinds of entitlements are not smart, so what do we expect of them?

October 25 2013 at 11:49 AM Report abuse rate up rate down Reply
1 reply to hardtohandle's comment

Your comment is a insult to 96% of the military,my husband was a nuclear weap.inspector and the Army had a eye on us all the time,the standart that we had to life up to not even most of our Presidents could pass,no hanky panky of any kind,we could not owe any money,of course no drinking and the list goes on and on.Our neghbors where questioned often by the FBY concerning our lifestyle,the pay was not enough do do a job like that,it was LOVE for the country and personal pride that had my husband stay and do the job,when it was time to retire and go to a job that would put us on easy street and make the money he deserved he got very ill and died,and we old mil.wid.did not get the kind of money the mil.wid.after 9-11 get,that is when people respected the mil.a little and then someone like you comes along who has no clue and puts the whole mil.down.Did you ever serve your country????Please do not give a lame excuse there are all kinds of ways to serve without fighting on the front line.SHAME ON YOU

January 16 2014 at 3:45 PM Report abuse rate up rate down Reply

This isn't the first story about incidents in the missile force, the seriousness of which has been greatly blown out of proportion. It's the administration building up a case for getting rid of land based ICBM's.

October 24 2013 at 10:18 PM Report abuse -1 rate up rate down Reply
1 reply to roloma1's comment

I do not know how it was possible for a door to be left open,as I said before my husband was nuclear weap.inspector,however he 1973,but all places he ever worked,they where in a volt type that was out of theyr control to open or close,they wherte far to many controls for anything like that to happen,however I would think that things would be more strickt now and not more relaxed.

January 16 2014 at 3:52 PM Report abuse rate up rate down Reply

Damned....who they got working down there Bozo and Ronald McDonald?????

October 24 2013 at 8:14 PM Report abuse rate up rate down Reply

I guess it’s safe to say we have lost our Cold War vigilance. I guess the operational security in the missile field is not something these particular officers thought was important.. Personally, I think the punishment was not severe enough for both officers. The asset they are monitoring and assigned to operate is an integral part of our national defense. I think their failure is unforgivable.

October 24 2013 at 6:44 PM Report abuse rate up rate down Reply
1 reply to J.R.'s comment

and they make the whole milit.look bad as you can clearly see by the letters, that call them loosers etc.

January 16 2014 at 3:58 PM Report abuse rate up rate down Reply

Mind as well give the key to the USA to anyone who wants to harm us. The officers in charge of this facility need some real hard retraining.

October 24 2013 at 2:39 PM Report abuse rate up rate down Reply
1 reply to VIPRLARES's comment

In English we say, 'Might as well...'. "Mind as well..." makes no sense in any language. Back to school with you.

October 25 2013 at 11:50 AM Report abuse rate up rate down Reply

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