Everyone In This Company Works From Home Every Day
As businesses across the country debate whether to let employees work from home, and how much, Lehman's company has already taken this idea to its ultimate conclusion. FiveCurrents is a completely and truly virtual company. The core executive team is scattered from Atlanta to L.A. to Portland, and there are few complaints.
"'Can we please have an office where I can commute with everyone else, and sit in my car and listen to NPR?' We don't hear that," says Lehman.
Flex To The ExtremeLast month, Yahoo+ banned telecommuting, citing performance issues. Best Buy followed suit soon after. But Lehman believes that an office can actually hurt productivity, by forcing workers to sit at desks for a set period. FiveCurrents, on the other hand, "lets people work in their sweet zone," says Lehman, who's designed her schedule around her predictable early afternoon slump.
This model makes sense for a company like FiveCurrents, a global production firm. The London 2012 Olympic Ceremonies? That was FiveCurrents. Disneyland's 50th Anniversary? That was FiveCurrents. The 150th Anniversary of Cinco de Mayo? The launch of the tallest building in the world in Dubai? The 2011 Pan American Games Opening Ceremony in Guadalajara? FiveCurrents.
Lehman is going to Moscow and Istanbul this week, and estimates that she's been to 25 or 30 countries in the past year. She says that her boss and FiveCurrents' president Scott Givens has 10 working visas in his passport right now. Since their projects span the globe, it just didn't make sense to have a full-time staff based in one place. Instead, they can pluck the best talent from across continents, and contract them for the specific time and place they need.
More: The Best Freelance JobsFor the London Olympic Games, FiveCurrents hired 880 contractors. And they're taking a similar approach to their upcoming event in Russia. "We'll be pulling people from Australia, the U.K., Italy, Greece, all over -- really the best of the best from all over," says Lehman. "Then they go back to freelance."
It's The Future, But Do We Want It?FiveCurrents is a beacon of the future: completely virtual, completely flexible, completely global. For business, there are clear benefits to this model. You can take your pick from a worldwide talent pool, and rather than paying employees to be on-call full-time, you simply hire a person to complete a task. No costly benefits, no fussy labor laws, no paying a wage for an hour spent on Facebook.
Lehman doubts that FiveCurrents could be growing as fast it is -- doubling its profits every year for the past three years, says Lehman -- if it weren't for its reliance on freelancers.
This may be sci-fi dream-future for corporations, but for the worker, it has a hint of something more dystopian. Flexibility sounds good for all involved, but the flexibility that is spreading through the working world right now is flexibility of a very particular kind. according to a 2012 study from the Families and Work Institute, and that number is rising fast. But at the same time, fewer employers are offering more extended flexibilities, like career breaks for family responsibilities (52 percent in 2012, compared to 73 percent in 2005) and moving from part-time to full-time and back again (41 percent in 2012, compared to 54 percent in 2005).
In other words, employers are offering more and more flexibility when it helps their workers be more productive, and offering less and less flexibility when it helps their workers take time away from the job.
Flexing Into TroubleFor FiveCurrents, the freelancer model seems to work perfectly. Their contractors, for the most part high-skilled technical producers, likely have little trouble finding other work to fill up the time between FiveCurrents projects. And it gives them a chance to try out the company before possibly moving to full time.
But if all companies were to go that route, the situation for workers may not be so sunny. Freelancers don't get the labor protections that workers have enjoyed since the New Deal. No health and unemployment insurance or pensions, and certainly no paid vacations or paid maternity leave. Already, The Freelancers Union, a New York-based advocacy group for independent contractors, places the number of freelancers at 42 million.
From Lehman's Northern California kitchen, flexibility looks like a glorious thing. But as our companies all inch closer to becoming FiveCurrents, and flexibility continues to be one of the most talked-about topics in the American workplace, it's worth taking a moment to examine exactly what kind of flexibility we're talking about.
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Claire Gordon has contributed to Slate's DoubleX, the Huffington Post, and the book Prisons: Current Controversies. While an undergraduate at Yale University and a research fellow at Yale graduate school, she spoke on panels at Yale and Cornell, and reported from Cairo, Tokyo, and Berlin.
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