New Hope For Veterans With Traumatic Brain Injuries

Center for BrainHealth TBI Traumatic Brain Injury
When Josh Lewis returned from four deployments with the U.S. Marines in Iraq and Afghanistan in Feb. 2011, he was pushing 30 and ready to launch a civilian career. Lewis (pictured above) enrolled part-time at the University of Texas at Dallas to study global business.

But upon enrolling, he realized he simply couldn't stand his classmates.

"I want to say them, 'Gosh, you are dumb,' " Lewis, now 30, says. "A lot of politics come up in conversation, and here I am, someone who's been there. So yeah, I felt the anger boil up, and I wanted to blow up at them at times."

The anger was the least of his problems. Battling chronic headaches so severe he would temporarily lose his vision, he also found his memory impaired at times, unable to recall, for instance, what someone had told him five minutes earlier. "This must be how elderly people feel when they can't remember names," was how he described his state.

More: Best Jobs For Introverts (And Extroverts)


The headaches, memory problems and hair-trigger temper are all symptoms of traumatic brain injury. He was diagnosed with TBI in early 2011, shortly after he returned from deployment and enrolled in school. Caused by blows to the head, either by direct impact from a bullet or close proximity to an explosion, TBI can result in memory and sensation loss, a range of mood disorders and difficulty with simple communication, such as trouble taking turns in a conversation and staying on a topic.

The condition affects roughly 1 in 5 veterans of the Iraq and Afghanistan wars; it is a new phenomenon, a result of the fact that this generation of soldiers has been able to survive wounds that in wars past would have killed them. And the number of troops being diagnosed with TBI has been on the rise as the wars wind down, says Hannah Rudstam, a researcher at Cornell University's Employment and Disability Institute. "Someone who has a blast injury probably isn't going to realize it right away, because there isn't any blood."

No Blood

Just before he began school, he tapped into his network of fellow veterans and found a part-time job working 30 hours a week as an associate at the Trident Response Group, a Dallas-based consulting firm that specializes in personal security in both the private and public sectors. But he found himself struggling to be productive there. Lewis was sidelined from work for full days at a time because of the headaches, he says.

Many veterans with TBI struggle to work. A 2004 study conducted by the Center for Outcome Measurement in Brain Injury examined the employment rate of 2,500 adults with TBI. Fifty-nine percent of them had jobs before their injury, but one year after their injury, only 24 percent did.

More: 4 Challenges Facing Disabled Veterans And How To Overcome Them


After several months on the job, he says that his colleagues reached out to the Center for BrainHealth on his behalf for help. In September 2011, he began participating in the center's cognitive therapy program for victims of brain trauma, known as the Strategic Memory Advanced Reasoning Training, or SMART, program.

'Step Back And Calm Down'

"Intellectually, veterans with TBI should be able to contribute in the workforce, but they first need the proper training," says Sandra Chapman, the founder of the Center for BrainHealth. "We can't just give these veterans a job. We need to rewire the brain."

Attending weekly one-hour sessions for twice a week for one month while working and studying, Lewis took part in the SMART sessions designed to rewire the brain. No surgical procedure is needed. Instead, the program simply dictates strategies to help participants focus on one task at a time. Such an approach, which Chapman calls the "power of one," relaxes the brain, and as a result increases blood flow throughout the cranium, which has the effect of repairing the brain connections damaged by TBI. In practice, the program is a way to let the brain heal itself.

More: Employers On A Crusade To Hire Post-9/11 Veterans


The center, opened in 1999, recently won separate grants from the Defense Department to provide training to veterans with PTSD and TBI. With help from the grant, the center will soon be welcoming 1,500 veterans to take part in the training. "We now know the brain can recover a lot from injuries," she says.

Since finishing the program in January of this year, Lewis says the rate of headaches have dropped dramatically, and he's only really had one since. As for the fits of anger? "In the military, the idea is to respond by yelling. Now, it's to step back and calm down."

The training has also helped him at work, he says.

"SMART has helped me how to use silence to think deeply and solve complex problems," he adds. "Part of what I do is also teach self defense and SMART has helped me as an instructor to better relate to my students."

Working Alongside TBI

The U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs considers the SMART program a "pilot program," so it is not part of the official treatment program for veterans. Currently, veterans with TBI, or PTSD enter the workforce as physically disabled, as classified by the VA, and so no special classification is provided for non-visible injuries.

But the federal government has aimed to promote employment for veterans with TBI and PTSD through its America's Heroes at Work project. Established in 2008 by the Department of Labor, the program is primarily aimed at convincing employers that veterans with TBI and PTSD can be productive workers and offers tips for how to ease their transition into the workforce.

More: Top 10 Jobs That Give Back Year-Round

For example, employers are encouraged to get rid of fluorescent lights, because these lights can aggravate the veterans' headaches. The employers are also told it's a good idea to urge the veterans to make use of "daily to-do lists," much in the way Chapman promotes the "power of one" mantra.

For his part, Lewis says that his job is aiding his recovery.

"As a Marine, I don't like being bad at things," says Lewis. "And so being good at my job is extremely important for me."

Looking for a job? Click here to get started.


Don't Miss: Companies Hiring Now


More From AOL Jobs


Filed under: Homepage For Heroes
Tags: PTSD, Veterans
Dan Fastenberg

Dan Fastenberg

Associate Editor

Dan Fastenberg was most recently a reporter with TIME Magazine. Previously, he was a writer for the Thomson Reuters news service's Latin America desk. He was also a reporter and associate editor for the Buenos Aires Herald while living in South America.

Follow Dan on Twitter. Email Dan at daniel.fastenberg@teamaol.com. Add Dan to your Google+ circles.

Add a Comment

*0 / 3000 Character Maximum

11 Comments

Filter by:
cindyde

I would love for these veterans to try Homeopathy- I have given my boyfriend (former marine) many remedies especially Natrum Sulphuricum, which is a really amazing remedy for any kind of trauma to the head/brain. My dad responded to the remedy beautifully as well he is now able to work and drive after the accident he had in June 2012 all the doctors were amazed at his quick recovery and even warned me that he would be a burden, which I knew they meant well but it really upset me. I love homeopathy I never knew about it until I started working at my current job at a Homeopathic office it has really opened my eyes and I thank the universe for bringing it into my life to help the people I love and care about.

March 27 2013 at 7:20 PM Report abuse rate up rate down Reply
Happypoolprune

This sounds like only the beginning of helping those who helped us - I hope it continues - and I see this also extending beyond the veterans - to maybe helping stroke victims, etc - But let it start with our Veteran's - who give their lives for us.

March 27 2013 at 2:23 PM Report abuse rate up rate down Reply
G

Mt. Sinai's Brain Injury Research Center has a similar program.

March 27 2013 at 8:07 AM Report abuse rate up rate down Reply
drj516

For a sense of the rehabilitation from TBI check out my reviews of two books about one person's recovering from a brain injury..

jamesbarrickphd.com/BrainDamage.en.html
jamesbarrickphd.com/BrainDamageII.en.html

However it happens, the effects are the same, the need for long-term rehabilitation.

March 27 2013 at 7:36 AM Report abuse rate up rate down Reply
paulmccartney121

hey whats up

October 29 2012 at 7:22 PM Report abuse rate up rate down Reply
gracieallen234

What a great story. I am so glad that this form of injury is being better understood and the person can come back to being whole! Terrific!!

October 29 2012 at 5:31 PM Report abuse rate up rate down Reply
a1putwins

I was blown up by a 155 round ied. It took about a year to regain complete memory but many years to return to the same level that I was before the blast.....That was in 1968..They never new anything about TBI in those days.

October 29 2012 at 2:51 PM Report abuse +3 rate up rate down Reply
2 replies to a1putwins's comment
alycemd

Thank you for your service.

October 29 2012 at 10:14 PM Report abuse +3 rate up rate down Reply
Lu Ann

Our service men's injuries make us civilian's health problems seem trivial. I count my blessings daily as should you. Thank you very much Sirs and Ma'am's for your sacrifices in order for the rest of us to enjoy our freedom. I pray you all heal completely and swiftly.

March 27 2013 at 9:46 AM Report abuse rate up rate down Reply
luciano/Joanne

I had TBI from a head on colision, coma 36 days, paralysed56 months, if there is anyway I can help, pls let e know?
After a year, I returned to teaching PHYSICAL EDUCATION! :)

October 29 2012 at 2:33 PM Report abuse +1 rate up rate down Reply
mgkz28

well he will have alot more problems just like all our wounded vets if obummer is re elected
He wants all wounded vets and the whole military to pay for their own health care and hi will ram it thru in his second term
he tried in his first term but droped it when his campain manager told him to wait
His excat words were "IM Not asking for blood just money"!! They were not drafted they chose to enlist

October 29 2012 at 1:24 PM Report abuse -1 rate up rate down Reply
2 replies to mgkz28's comment
Brenda Wheaton

you are full of ****

October 29 2012 at 7:19 PM Report abuse +2 rate up rate down Reply
bbowens8

You are talking about Mitt WHO THINKS VETEREANS ARE PART OF THE 47% HE DOESN'T CARE ABOUT.

October 30 2012 at 1:30 AM Report abuse +1 rate up rate down Reply

Search Jobs

In Partnership With
Keywords:
Location:

Search Articles

Top Companies Hiring

April 13 - April 20

Looking for work? See what companies added new openings this week.