By Christopher S. Rugaber
WASHINGTON -- A private survey shows U.S. businesses sharply reduced hiring in April, a troubling sign two days before the government reports on monthly job growth.
Many economists said the ADP figures would not lead them to change their forecasts. Analysts expect the government will report Friday that employers added 163,000 jobs in April, according to a survey by FactSet.
Payroll provider ADP says that businesses added 119,000 jobs last month, far lower than a revised total of 201,000 jobs in March.
The report covers hiring only in the private sector. And it has been known to deviate sharply from the government's figures, which will be released on Friday. For example, the government said employers added just 120,000 jobs in March -- much lower than ADP's estimate.
The unemployment is expected to stay at 8.2 percent. The job market has slowed from the start of the year. The economy created an average of 246,000 jobs a month from December through February. And the number of people seeking unemployment benefits has increased in the past month, suggesting that companies have laid off more workers.
Still, other recent data has been positive. The manufacturing sector expanded at the fastest pace in 10 months in April, a private trade group said Tuesday. That report found that manufacturers had added workers at the fastest pace in a year.
The economy grew at a 2.2 percent annual pace in the first three months of the year, slower than the 3 percent pace in the fourth quarter. Economists worry that isn't fast enough growth to support more hiring.
The disparity between ADP's and the government's figures reflects the way each gathers employment figures.
The Bureau of Labor Statistics draws its data from a survey of employers in government and the private sector. ADP derives its figures from the payroll data it processes for about 344,000 U.S. companies that employ 21 million people. Macroeconomic Advisers then adjusts that count to try to reflect the entire U.S. private-sector workforce.